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  • Ensures the direct participation of people at the grass root level.
  • In 1956,the National Development Council appointed a committee under Balwant Rai mehta, Which submitted its report in 1957 in which it recommended:

>A 3-tier structure consisting of zila parishad at the district level ,Panchayat Samiti at the   Block Level and Gram Panchayat at the village Level.

>Genuine transfer of power & responsibility to these institutions.

>adequate resources to them.

>All social & ecomomic development programmes channelized through these.

  • The 3-tier system of Panchayat raj was Ist adopted by Rajasthan ( Nagaur District) on Oct 2,1959.This was followed by Andhra pradesh,Bihar Gujarat,Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra ,Punjab ,Tamil Nadu ,UP & West bengal.
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  • It envisages Panchayat at the village level,Panchayat Samitis at the block level & Zila Parishad at the district level.


     1). Village Panchayat.

  • Consists of elected representatives of the people.
  • Membership varies from 5-31.
  • Seats reserved for SC, ST ,Women ,etc.
  • Chairmen is elected from among its members,known as “Sarpanch”
  • The panchayat is accountable for all its actions to the gram sabha,the general body of villagers.
  • Gram Sabha consist of all the adults residing within the jurisdiction of the panchayat.
  • It exercises general supervision over the working of the panchayat &lays down necessary guidelines for its working.


     2). Block & Panchayat Samiti.

  • The block,consisting of 20-60 villagers is administered through a panchayat samiti consisting of indirectly elected members of village panchayat.
  • The chairmen of Panchayat Samiti is called  “Pradhan”.


     3).Zila Parishad.

  • It is the top level of the 3-tier structure.
  • Elect its chairmen from amongst its members who is known as the District Collector.
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