- Ensures the direct participation of people at the grass root level.
- In 1956,the National Development Council appointed a committee under Balwant Rai mehta, Which submitted its report in 1957 in which it recommended:
>A 3-tier structure consisting of zila parishad at the district level ,Panchayat Samiti at the Block Level and Gram Panchayat at the village Level.
>Genuine transfer of power & responsibility to these institutions.
>adequate resources to them.
>All social & ecomomic development programmes channelized through these.
- The 3-tier system of Panchayat raj was Ist adopted by Rajasthan ( Nagaur District) on Oct 2,1959.This was followed by Andhra pradesh,Bihar Gujarat,Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra ,Punjab ,Tamil Nadu ,UP & West bengal.
THREE TIER SYSTEM.
- It envisages Panchayat at the village level,Panchayat Samitis at the block level & Zila Parishad at the district level.
1). Village Panchayat.
- Consists of elected representatives of the people.
- Membership varies from 5-31.
- Seats reserved for SC, ST ,Women ,etc.
- Chairmen is elected from among its members,known as “Sarpanch”
- The panchayat is accountable for all its actions to the gram sabha,the general body of villagers.
- Gram Sabha consist of all the adults residing within the jurisdiction of the panchayat.
- It exercises general supervision over the working of the panchayat &lays down necessary guidelines for its working.
2). Block & Panchayat Samiti.
- The block,consisting of 20-60 villagers is administered through a panchayat samiti consisting of indirectly elected members of village panchayat.
- The chairmen of Panchayat Samiti is called “Pradhan”.
- It is the top level of the 3-tier structure.
- Elect its chairmen from amongst its members who is known as the District Collector.