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  • Added by 42nd amendment I 1976 on the basis of Swarn Singh Committee report.
  • There are eleven Fundamental Duties which are contained in Article 51 A.
  • It shall be the duty of every citizen if India:


  1. To abide the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, Linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  6. to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  7. To protect and improve the national environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures;
  8. To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to the higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
  11. It shall be duty of every citizen of India who is a parent of guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or as the case may be, ward between the age of 6 and 14 years. ( Added by 86th Amendment, 2002 ).


  • The addition of Fundamental Duties along with the exceptions to the Fundamental Rights limits the operation and the free enjoyment of Fundamental Rights.
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